Insights

Implementing Total Quality Management

The key to a successful Total Quality Management (TQM) program is not in understanding it - TQM is, after all, largely common sense - but in actually doing it. At ODI we've observed, in our work with almost 300 companies, that world-class implementations of TQM tend to have certain common elements...

Viewpoint Continuous Renewal at Motorola

Few of the challenges of leadership are as pressing as the task of addressing ourselves to the renewal of the dynamic high-technology industries. This paper contains a potpourri of thoughts on this subject.

The Outlook for Central and Eastern Europe

In this fall of 1991, as the former constituents of the Soviet Union struggle to define new political identities and to avert economic disaster, it is worth considering the situations of some of the countries that emerged earlier from behind the Iron Curtain. Czechoslovakia, Poland, and Hungary...

Environmental Excellence: Meeting the Challenge

Environmental, health, and safety management is one of the most pressing challenges facing corporations today. However, except for a handful of progressive companies, most organizations are not yet devoting to this critical area the full attention and resources it needs. The "wait-and-see"...

Third-Generation R&D Management

In the decades ahead, competition will grow increasingly international and will focus increasingly on technological strengths. Financial and physical resources, work skills, and technology are highly mobile. The firms that succeed in global competition will be those that employ technology to...

Viewpoint New Tools, New Rules: Playing to Win in the New...

At temperatures near absolute zero, and now at much higher temperatures for some ceramic materials, superconductivity occurs. The rules that govern the propagation of electricity suddenly change. Resistance disappears and electrical devices become much more efficient. Devices that previously could...

Consumer-Driven Innovative Product Development

To achieve Total Quality Management (TQM), companies must be customer-driven. In other words, they must translate what their customers want and need into products and services that fit those customers' criteria for purchase and repurchase decisions. To do so, companies must be able to measure the...

The North American Free Trade Area: Impacts and Implications

The North American Free Trade Area (NAFTA) - comprising the United States, Canada, and Mexico - will soon come into being as the world's largest trading bloc, directly challenging the growing primacy of the European Community and the Japan-East Asia bloc.

Viewpoint International, Multinational, and/or Global?

How do large, worldwide businesses evolve from international to multinational and then to global structures?

Packaging: Meeting the Environmental Challenge

Packaging is the ultimate symbol of the 20th century's consumer culture. It protects what we buy and raises our standard of living. In developing countries, 30 to 50 percent of food shipments are spoiled because of inadequate packaging and distribution systems. In developed countries with more...